Works Cited

“The American Woman.” 1956. Life, December 24.

Beardsley, Edward H. 1987. A History of Neglect: Health Care for Blacks and Mill Workers in the Twentieth-Century South. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Berkman, Joyce. 2011a. “The Fertility of Scholarship on the History of Reproductive Rights in the United States.” History Compass 9, no. 5: 433–47. doi:10.1111/j.1478-0542.2011.00772.x.

Berkman, Joyce. 2011b. “The Question of Margaret Sanger.” History Compass 9, no. 6:474–84. doi:10.1111/j.1478-0542.2011.00769.x.

Brown, Kathleen M. 1996. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race and Power in Colonial Virginia. Chapel Hill: published for the Institute of Early American History by University of North Carolina Press.

Collier-Thomas, Bettye. 1993. “National Council of Negro Women.” In Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, edited by Darlene Clark Hine, Elsa Barkley Brown, and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Du Bois, W. E. B. 1920. “The Damnation of Women.” Chapter 7 in his Darkwater: Voices from within the Veil. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Howe.

Engelman, Peter C. 2011. A History of the Birth Control Movement in America. Denver: Praeger.

Fraser, Gertrude Jacinta. 1998. African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, Race, and Memory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Freedman, Estelle. 2015. Redefining Rape: Sexual Violence in the Age of Suffrage and Segregation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Garrow, David J., ed. 1987. The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It: The Memoir of Jo Ann Gibson Robinson. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Gordon, Linda. 1991. “Black and White Visions of Welfare: Women’s Welfare Activism, 1890–1945.” Journal of American History, September: 559–90.

Gordon, Linda. 2007. The Moral Property of Women: A History of Birth Control Politics in America. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Gore, Dayo F. 2005. “‘The Law Again. The Precious Law’: Black Women Radicals and the Fight to End Legal Lynching, 1949–1955.” In Crime and Punishment: Perspectives from the Humanities; Studies in Law, Politics, and Society 37, edited by Austin Sarat. Oxford: Elsevier.

Gore, Dayo F. 2015. “A Black Woman Speaks: Beah Richards’s Life of Protest and Poetry.” In Lineages of the Literary Left: Essays in Honor of Alan M. Wald, edited by Howard Brick, Robbie Lieberman, and Paula Rabinowitz. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Gore, Dayo F., Jeanne Theoharis, and Komozi Woodard, eds. 2009. Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle. New York: NYU Press.

Hajo, Cathy Moran. 2010. Birth Control on Main Street: Organizing Clinics in the United States, 1916–1939. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Holland, Endesha Ida Mae. 1997. From the Mississippi Delta: A Memoir. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Holsaert, Faith S., Martha Prescod Norman Noonan, Judy Richardson, Betty Garman Robinson, Jean Smith Young, and Dorothy M. Zellner, eds. 2010. Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Jones, Claudia. 1949. “An End to the Neglect of the Problems of the Negro Woman.” Political Affairs 28 (June): 51–67.

Litoff, Judith Barrett. 1978. American Midwives, 1860 to Present. Westport, CT: Green- wood Press.

Margaret Sanger Papers Project. 2001. “Birth Control or Race Control? Sanger and the Negro Project.” Newsletter 28 (Fall).

Martin, Charles H. 1985. “Race, Gender, and Southern Justice: The Rosa Lee Ingram Case.” American Journal of Legal History 29, no. 3: 251–68.

McCann, Carole R. 1994. Birth Control Politics in the United States, 1916–1945. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

McDuffie, Erik S. 2008. “A ‘New Freedom Movement of Negro Women’: Sojourning for Truth, Justice, and Human Rights during the Early Cold War.” Radical History Review 101 (Spring): 81–106.

McGuire, Danielle L. 2010. At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance—A New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power. New York: Vintage Books.

McGuire, Danielle L. 2017. “The Maid and Mr. Charlie: Rosa Parks and the Struggle for Black Women’s Bodily Integrity.” In U.S. Women’s History: Untangling the Threads of Sisterhood, edited by Leslie Brown, Jacqueline Castledine, and Anne Valk. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

McLaurin, Melton A. 1991. Celia, A Slave. Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Muigai, Wangui M. 2010. “Looking Uptown: Margaret Sanger and the Harlem Branch Birth Control Clinic.” Margaret Sanger Papers Project Newsletter 54 (Spring): 1–5.

“Negro Health.” 1940. Time, April 8.

Orleck, Annelise. 2005. Storming Caesars Palace: How Black Mothers Fought Their Own War on Poverty. Boston: Beacon Press.

Roberts, Dorothy. 1997. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York: Vintage Books.

Robertson, Nancy Marie. 2007. Christian Sisterhood, Race Relations, and the YWCA, 1906–1946. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Rodrique, Jessie M. 1989. “The Black Community and the Birth Control Movement.” In Passion and Power: Sexuality in History, edited by Kathy Peiss and Christina Simmons. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Rogers, Kim Lacy. 2006. Life and Death in the Delta: African American Narratives of Violence, Resilience, and Social Change. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ross, Loretta J., Lynn Roberts, Erika Derkas, Whitney Peoples, and Pamela Bridgewater Toure, eds. 2017. Radical Reproductive Justice: Foundations, Theory, Practice, Critique. New York: Feminist Press.

Ross Loretta J., and Rickie Solinger. 2017. Reproductive Justice: An Introduction. Oakland: University of California Press.

Sanger, Margaret. 1919. “Breaking into the South.” Birth Control Review 3, no. 12: 7–9. Sanger, Margaret. 1922. “Dangers of Cradle Competition.” Chapter 8 in her The Pivot of Civilization. New York: Brentano’s.

Schoen, Johanna. 2005. Choice and Coercion: Birth Control, Sterilization, and Abortion in Public Health and Welfare. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Silliman, Jael, et al. 2016. Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice. Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Smith, Margaret Charles, and Linda Janet Holmes. 1996. Listen to Me Good: The Life Story of an Alabama Midwife. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.

Smith, Susan L. 1995. Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired: Black Women’s Health Activism in America, 1890–1950. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Solinger, Rickie. 2005. Pregnancy and Power: A Short History of Reproductive Politics in America. New York: NYU Press.

Tuuri, Rebecca. 2018. Strategic Sisterhood: The National Council of Negro Women in the Black Freedom Struggle. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Valk, Anne, and Leslie Brown. 2010. Living with Jim Crow: African American Women and Memories of the Segregated South. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Weigand, Kate. 2001. Red Feminism: American Communism and the Making of Women’s Liberation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

◊ ◊ ◊

« Previous: End Notes | Next: About the Author»